|Chapter 30 Reading Guide
Cold War Conflicts and Social Transformations 1945-1985
Explain the Division of Germany?
Who are the Big Three?
What is the Yalta compromise?
What is the Truman Doctrine?
What is the Marshall Plan?
Who are the members of NATO and why did this form?
What was the response of the USSR?
Western Renaissance: 1945-1968
What are some challenges that Europe will face Post War?
Who are the Christian Democrats and what do they want?
What steps were taken to Unify Europe?
What is the OEEC?
What is a Common Market? How does it affect/apply to Europe?
Who are the “leaders” behind these ideas?
Decolonization: p 999-1002
How did WWII affect European imperialism?
Give specific examples of how each region of the world was affected by decolonization.
Soviet Easter Europe p 1003-1007
Stalin’s last years 1945-1953
How did Stalin treat his people after WWII? What changes were made?
Was their resistance to Stalin? Who? How?
Reform and De-Stalinization
Who became the new leader of the USSR after Stalin?
What changes were made in the USSR?
Give examples of what took place under the cultural freedom of the time?
How did the rest of the world feel about Khruschev?
Who ordered the building of the Berlin Wall? Why?
What other acts did Khruschev participate in that may have “offended” the Western World?
What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?
What is the Brezhnev Doctrine? What does it mean for the world?
Post War Social Transformation
Science and Technology:
How did science change Post War?
Explain “Big Science”
What countries flourished?
What major industries flourished?
Name three big scientists and give their contributions to the world:
The Changing Class Structure:
How did the Middle Class develop post War?
What new luxuries were classes splurging on?
Describe the new Leisure and recreational activities…
New Roles for Women:
Describe how women “evolved” from the industrial revolution through both World Wars…
Were women participating more in society post World War II? Why or Why not?
How did marriages and the bearing of children change post World War II?
Youth and Counterculture:
Describe the generation of youth post World War II…
What types of activities were the youth participating in? Did it vary by country, or was the a general consensus?
Conflict and Challenge in the Late Cold War 1968-1985
The United States and Vietnam:
Why did the United States involve itself in the Korean War? And then in Vietnam?
Which US Presidents were involved with the War in Vietnam?
How did President Nixon get elected?
Explain the Watergate scandal…
What happened to the situation in Vietnam after Nixon and the Watergate scandal?
Détente or Cold War?
What was the policy of détente?
How did West Germany help the peace process in Europe? Explain.
What was the Final Act of the Helsinki Conference in 1975? Who was involved and what was agreed upon?
Does the Cold War end?
The Women’s Movement:
Who is Simone de Beauvoir and what did she write?
How did her work influence/affect women prior to the 1970s?
Who is Betty Freidan and what was her involvement in the Women’s Movement?
What is NOW?
What sort of legal changes happened in the US and in Europe to move women towards equality?
The Troubled Economy:
Obviously World War II did a number on Europe’s landscape as well as economy. How did European nations recover through the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s?
What is OPEC? How did European countries involve themselves in this?
What is the misery index and why is it important?
Society in a time of Economic Uncertainty:
How was the economy affecting governments and elections across Europe?
Were there switches in party politics? Who was being elected?
From the early 1970s well into the 1980s, North America and Western European economies stagnated. Explain the causes of this stagnation and discuss its consequences for politics in the West.
How did the Women’s movement in the 1970s seek to realize Simone de Beauvoir’s call for women to “reach out beyond themselves, transcend themselves, toward society in production and action?”
Postwar Europe experienced a trend toward unity. What were the successes and failures of the movement? Who were its leaders? What motivated them? What factors explain the successes and failures of the movement toward European unity?
International affairs in the postwar ear were dominated by the Cold War. What were the key events in its development? What were the causes and consequences? Which side was responsible? Given the political, military, and ideological situations at the time, was the Cold War unavoidable? Support your conclusions.
“After 1945, western European society became more mobile and more democratic; class barriers relaxed and class distinctions blurred.” Assess the validity of this quotiation. What factors accounted for these changes?
After the death of Stalin, the Soviet Union underwent a process of de-stalinization.” Describe this process. What impact did de-Stalinization have, domestically and internationally? Why did later Soviet leaders re-Stalinize?
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